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the "inversion des norms," a key part of the French labor code which requires that all worker contracts within a given sector obey a certain set of minima
How is a company formally determined to belong to which sector? Does a company that otherwise meets all criteria (e.g. number of employees, capitalization, etc.) have to belong to one sector or another? Are there criteria that may exempt a company from belonging to any sector?
One misunderstood aspect in the anglo-saxon press of France's workforce is just how low France's level of unionisation is.
Yes, this was news to me. Thanks for explaining how the hierarchy of norms accounts for the power of labor unions in France, despite the low unionization level.
... the article has been in place, and often used, since the institution by General de Gaulle (and voted by referendum) of the 5th Republic itself.
Are there other Western European countries that have a similar article to 49-3?
consumer demand cannot help but be undermined in the short term
Can you explain this point further?
Point n'est besoin d'espérer pour entreprendre, ni de réussir pour persévérer.
- Charles le Téméraire
A company doesn't necessarily need to be operating under a Convention Collective, indeed some small businesses do not, but depending on a company's commercial activity, many companies are so required to operate under a Convention Collective. And, if a company is a member of ony one of the Employer Unions, they are also required to operate under a Convention Collective.
What I mean by softness in consumer demand, insofar as the law makes it easier to fire employees, in addition to the reduction in overtime payments (both timing and amount) that will result from certain measures, companies will find themselves able to pay less; this facilitates precarité and lower salary levels, which are direct reductions in consumer demand all other things being equal. Given the operating multiplier we are at, roughly 1.4 or 1.5 in the delveraging environment we find ourselves in, each Euro taken out of an employees pocket will likely result in 1.40 or 1.50 less in overall consumer demand. The hope is that this will be offset by increased business investment, though there is no empirical evidence that such measures actually spur overall business investment levels.
It was the threat of another general election which ultimately forced Fianna Fail to "accommodate" a minority Fine Gael led administration last month. Similarly Fianna Fail have been forced to abstain on issues of confidence such as annual budgets and cabinet re-shuffles for the next three years.
Index of Frank's Diaries
by Frank Schnittger - Jun 17 24 comments
by John Redmond - Jun 17 16 comments
by Frank Schnittger - Jun 13 51 comments
by gmoke - Jun 15 5 comments
by DoDo - Jun 12 23 comments
by DoDo - Jun 5 68 comments
by generic - Jun 8 1 comment
by fjallstrom - Jun 8 1 comment
by John Redmond - Jun 1716 comments
by Frank Schnittger - Jun 1724 comments
by gmoke - Jun 155 comments
by Frank Schnittger - Jun 1351 comments
by DoDo - Jun 1223 comments
by Democrats Ramshield - Jun 104 comments
by generic - Jun 81 comment
by fjallstrom - Jun 81 comment
by DoDo - Jun 647 comments
by ARGeezer - Jun 617 comments
by DoDo - Jun 568 comments
by ARGeezer - Jun 270 comments
by das monde - Jun 222 comments
by John Redmond - May 3037 comments
by DoDo - May 2911 comments
by Frank Schnittger - May 2620 comments
by ARGeezer - May 2522 comments
by gmoke - May 23
by gmoke - May 1518 comments